By Air:- The only way to enter Sri Lanka is by air. Colombo is the international gateway for direct flights from Europe, Asia, Australia and the Middle East. There are several flights available between Colombo and Chennai, Trichy, Thiruvananthapuram and Mumbai.
There are no domestic passenger flights in Sri Lanka, thus the land transport is dominant. Train travel is more comfortable but
The Sri Lankan Currency is the Rupee (Rs.) divided into 100 cents. There are coins in denominations of 05, 10, 25 and 50 cents and 01, 02, 05 and 10 Rupees. Notes come in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 and 1000 Rupees. Break down larger notes (Rs 500 or Rs 1000) when you change money as most vendors never seem to have change.
Passport : You must have a passport with you all the time; it is the most basic travel document. Ensure that it will be valid for the entire period you intend to remain overseas.
Visa : Dozens of nationalities, including Australians, New Zealander, North Americans and Virtually all Europeans, receive a tourist visa upon entry valid for 30 days. It is sometimes possible to obtain a visa for longer than 30 days in your home country; this is more often the case at Sri Lanka's bigger overseas missions, in London and Washington.
Sri Lanka isn't on the A-list of destination for major airlines. Most of the airlines flying between Europe and Sri Lanka are from the Arab world - Kuwait Airways, Emirates, Royal Jordanian and Qatar Airways. A generally better range of airlines fly between Sri Lanka and Asia (with connection elsewhere), including Singapore Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Thai Airways, Malaysia Airlines and Srilankan Airlines.
Best Time to Visit Sri Lanka
Best time to travel to Sri Lanka is between the main rainy seasons. Period between November and April is the best time & dry season to visit south west coast & up in the hills. May to September is the best time to visit east coast, as it is dry during this period.
Climate & Weather of Sri Lanka
Due to its proximity to equator Sri Lanka has typically tropical climate. There are no marked seasons. The weather in plains and the coastal areas is hot and humid with an average mean temperature of 27°C. Relative Humidity varies from 70% during the day to 90% at night. The cooling sea breeze moderates the temperature. The hills are cool and pleasant with an average mean temperature of around 20°C. Sri Lanka is blessed with abundant rainfall. The south-west monsoon brings rain mainly from May to July to the estern, southern and central regions of the island, while the northeast monsoon causes rains in the northern
and eastern regions in December and January.